Воскресенье, 14.04.2024, 05:26
Приветствую Вас, Гость

Старая форма входа

For the Speaking club you only need tasks I. II and IV. But you can do all if you wish. The essays can be checked by me for an additional payment)

I. First learn these words.

Make sure you remember the words by doing the test below

 

II. Watch the video below and fill in the gaps in the script under it.

 

Read the sript watching the video above

 

A Zero-Waste Family

If you're in need of a little inspiration to produce 1.__________waste in your home, these folks may just do the trick.

“We do not produce any waste at all. So if we can’t compost it or reuse it or recycle it we will just not 2.____________it into the house.” That’s right.

San Diego-based Frederika Syron and James Harker along with their three children have been waste-free since 2015. They don't even own a trash 3._________!

“So we are just like everyone else. We do go to restaurants, we travel. The only difference is that we make more conscious decisions.”

But their journey wasn’t always easy.

“When we started making changes, I said “I don't have time for that. I don't know about this”.

But by making 4.__________________________they realized it was possible and anyone could do it.

“One of the things that I did was I took the trash can out of our kitchen, caused everybody to walk to the other side of the house and gave us some moment to think like “What is this thing and why do we have it? And maybe how can we swap it out for 5.________________________?”

 And then they started to think of how they could reduce waste room by room. So for the bathroom they either make their own cleaning products or “go to a zero waste shop to, say, 6.___________ shampoos or soaps in containers that we already have. And these are shops where you can go in and either bring your own containers or oftentimes they'll have containers there so that you can buy; and you refill them.” They also switch their plastic 7. ________________for bamboo ones. As far as the bedrooms, “you tend to have lots of clothes; and so we look at ways to buy those second-hand. Our daughter, our teenage daughter, is like the queen of awesome jumpsuits and second-hand fashion”

And to reduce 8.______________, they decided that they’d take it to the next level by gardening.

“Now we grow 80% of the food that we eat as a family behind us on a really modestly sized city loft.” “We grow actually 37 different types of vegetables and herbs, and we grow above 15 different kinds of fruits and berries.” And they're doing their 9.__________to help the earth 'cause “most American households throw away about 25% of the food they bring into their house.” They say this is a huge learning opportunity for the kids. “They learn biology, math, science, and they're having a lot of fun!” And after their healthy meals they use reusable washcloths instead of paper towels. “We haven't bought paper towels in 10 years”, which helps the environment and saves a 10.___________penny.

Since becoming zero waste, “we save eight over $18,000 a year.” They say if you wanna try out this lifestyle, start small.  “Any little step and change is a huge change in the right direction.” To learn more about this fam and to get zero waste tips you can head to  www.zerowastefamily.com

Getting inspired to live like more sustainably with a zero waste family.

.

 

   

III. Fill in the table with derivatives referring to the script above. If more than 1 variant is possible, use "/" without spaces.

безразличный

noun

bare infinitive (first form of verb)                     

adjective

negative 

adjective 

If impossible, enter "-"

adverb

inspire

inspiring/  

uninspiring

product

production

differ безразличный

 

decision
possible
change/exchange/ change/exchange/ changeable/interchangeable/
use/usefulness use reusable/useful usefully/
environment
grow все больше

IV. [Speaking club, EXAMS, EGE] Answer the questions:

1. How does this family do the shopping?

2. How do they do the cleaning?

3. Where do they buy clothes?

4. How do they avoid producing food waste?

5. Has zero waste livng saved them a pretty penny or cost them a pretty penny?

6. How long is it since they went zero-waste?

7. How did they embark o a sustainable living?

8. How is it good for the planet?

9. Hpw do you try to live sustainably?

10. How can governments stimulate sustainable economies?

11. What will happen to our planet if we don't cut down on consumption?

12. How is it possible to entertain ourselves without doing harm to the environment? (Consider: outdoor activities, ecoturism, bringing home-cooked food rather than buying ready-to-eat food)

V. Read the text and prepare it summary. But first, translate it and do the test on it in the right column.

What is Sustainable Living? 

Source: https://www.conserve-energy-future.com/sustainable-living-principles-benefits-and-examples.php 

Sustainable living is based on four main pillars namely minimizing waste, limiting the use of Earth’s natural resources, the wise use of the environment, and ensuring quality working/living environments. The following are the guiding principles that can be used as an initiative to make sustainable and stable living a reality.

Principles of Sustainable Living

1. Effective land use and wildlife protection

This principle requires people to realize the need for effective land use and wildlife protection. The aim of the principle is to aid in creating new habitats and restoring biodiversity through effective land use and incorporating the practices in our surrounding environments.

As the custodians of the planet’s natural environment, wise actions with regards to proper land use and wildlife protection are vital in embracing sustainable living.

2. Sustainable water usage

The principle emphasizes on the need to advance good water utilization practices by designing water management systems that can deal with issues such as flooding, water wastage, and protection of water sources from pollution or destruction.

3. Supporting local and organic foods

The principle implies humane and sustainable farming by ensuring the availability of healthy, local, organic, low impact, and seasonal diets.

Food wastage is also highly discouraged. For this reason, people need to support local farming and organically grown products by buying local and eating organic foodstuffs.

4. The use of sustainable materials

Sustainable materials refer to healthy, efficient, and durable products. Examples include materials that are locally sourced, manufactured from waste or renewable resources, and those with low embodied energy.

5. The use of sustainable transport

Promoting the use of low and zero-carbon transport mechanisms is one of the overriding principles of sustainable living. It encompasses the need to reduce travel and accepting green transport services such as electric trains and cars and walking or cycling as an alternative to driving high emission vehicles.

6. Zero waste and zero carbon

According to this sustainable living principle, every little thing done should focus on reducing the waste to the landfills. Only buying and consuming the needed staff is essential.

Priority should be given to quality and not quantity to achieve this goal. People also need to find the easiest ways of using efficient and renewable technology.

7. Creating own healthy environment

This involves indulging in active and meaningful life activities to promote good health and well being. Fun, healthy, and less stressful living can be achieved by fun activities such as biking, hiking, walking, sailing, and skiing.

Benefits of Sustainable Living

Sustainable living comes with numerous benefits. Not only does it limit the impacts on the natural environment, but it also redefines our lifestyles with a promise of good health and reduced cost of living.

 The health benefits are attributed to little dependence on vehicles or machinery and the consumption of quality food products that is either locally or organically produced.

From the point of ecology, utilizing the sun’s energy, reducing environmental footprint, use of non-toxic materials, and effectively using the planet’s resources will ensure the environment is stable and able to support the current generations as well as generations to come in the future.

Find English Equivalents for Russian words and phrase in th text on the left
Russian variant English equivalent
основанный на 4 фундаментальных принципах;
разумные действия в плане разумного землепользования и защиты дикой природы  
гуманное и экологичное ведение сельского хозяйства  
экономически выгодные и долговечные материалы  
возобновляемые ресурсы  
один из приоритетных принципов  
в качестве альтернативы транспортным средствам с высоким уровнем выбросов  
уменьшение количества отходов, отправляемых на свалки  
занятие значимыми и здоровыми видами деятельности  
многочисленные блага  
ограничивать отрицательное воздействие на природу  
вкладывать новый смысл в наш жизненный уклад  
относиться к малой зависимости транспортных средств  
потребление качественных продуктов питания  
уменьшение экологического следа  

 

V. Paraphrase the following sentences in various ways using synonyms of underlined words as well as chaning their grammatical structure.

Embodied energy is the sum of all the energy required to produce any goods or services, considered as if that energy was incorporated or 'embodied' in the product itself.

Environmental footprint is the effect that a personcompanyactivity, etc. has on the environment, for example the amount of natural resources that they use and the amount of harmful gases that they produce

VII. [EGE, IELTS, Olympiads] Write the following essay.

Imagine that you are doing a project on  plastic waste pollution.You have collected some data on the subject (see the pie-cart below). Comment on the data in the pie-chart and give your personal opinion on
the subject of the project.Write 200–250 words.
Use the following plan:
– make an opening statement on the subject of the project work;
– select and report 2–3 main features;
– make 1–2 comparisons where relevant;
– outline a problem that can arise from use of plastic and suggest ways of solving it; [If you are preparing for IELTS/Olympiads, write a separate essay on this point!]
– draw a conclusion giving your personal opinion on the importance of sustainble living.